The Convention on the Civil Aspects of Child Abduction (Hague Convention) comprises international law to which approximately sixty countries are signatories. It is law designed to protect children from international abduction which occurs most often by a family member. The Convention allows a parent who has had their rights of care and custody breached, to apply to the courts in the country in which the child has been wrongfully removed or retained, for orders directing the immediate return of the child to the place of the child’s habitual residence. In exceptional cases, the Hague Convention allows for exceptions to not ordering the return of the child, such as when the return of the child would cause grave risk to the child, or when the child has obtained the age and degree of maturity where the child objects to being returned. The country where the child is being overheld is the country in which a Hague proceeding would commence.